Egypt is often primarily associated with desert and hot weather. However, the country is also home to a number of beautiful national parks and nature reserves. Apply for your Egypt visa and discover these beautiful landscapes.
Nature in Egypte
Egypt may be about 95% desert, but it has a rich variety of flora and fauna. Not only tourists, but also inhabitants of big cities like Cairo go to the national parks to enjoy the peace and nature.
If you want to visit Egypt, you should avoid the summer months, as temperatures can rise above 40 degrees Celsius. If you travel to Egypt in December or January, accommodation prices will be higher and you will encounter many other tourists, as this is the high season in Egypt. Therefore, the best period to visit Egyptʼs national parks is from October to December and from February to April.
Ras Mohammed National Park
Ras Mohammed National Park is located in the southernmost part of the Sinai Peninsula, not far from the famous resort of Sharm-el-Sheikh. The national park also includes a large part of the sea that surrounds the peninsula. From this park you have a view of the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Ras Mohammed National Park was declared a protected area in 1983. The park is open daily from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m. Ras Mohammed is characterised by its coral reefs, but also has mountains, plains, valleys and sand dunes.
As the adjacent waters are part of the national park, Ras Mohammed is also home to mangroves, as well as some 1,500 species of marine life, including some endangered coloured fish, sea turtles and other rare species. That is one of the reasons why the park is a very popular destination for snorkelling and diving. The area is also a habitat for many birds including the heron and the Fish Eagle (Pandion haliaetus) and other animals such as the Nubian ibex, small mammals such as the red fox, reptiles and insects that appear mainly at night.
Wadi el Gemal National Park
Wadi el Gemal is a national park in the desert that runs to the Red Sea and covers almost 7500 km². Wadi el Gemal is open to visitors daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The park gets its name from the large river valley (“wadi” is Arabic for “valley”) in the middle of the park that is dry for most of the year, until an immense downpour passes.
Wadi el Gemal National Park is about 70 km long and has rocky and mountainous landscapes as well as white beaches with a fantastic underwater world. So remember to bring your diving or snorkelling equipment. The park also includes several small mangrove-covered islands and the eponymous Wadi el Gemal island, which is located in the very north of the area and is visible from the shore.
Wadi el Rayan nature reserve
The Wadi el Rayan nature reserve, which covers an area of 1760 km², is also open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. The national park is a two-hour drive from the city of Cairo. The area is formed by two engineered (dam) lakes connected by Egyptʼs largest waterfall, named ‘el Rayan’. There are numerous hot springs and oases that attract various animal species. There are migratory birds and reptiles, and it is home to one of the last remaining populations of the dune gazelle. In the north of the reserve is Wadi el Hitan, a protected area where fossilised remains of extinct whales have been found.
If this article aroused your interest in the diversity of flora and fauna in Egypt and you would like to visit the country, remember to apply for a visa.
You can only enter the country with a valid visa. The Egypt visa is an official travel authorisation issued by the Egyptian immigration service to travellers who meet all the requirements of the Egypt visa. Before you apply, make sure that you meet all these requirements.
You can choose between a single-entry or a multiple-entry visa. Both variants have a validity of 90 days and a maximum stay of 30 consecutive days. The difference lies in the number of times you can travel to Egypt within the overall validity period. With a single-entry visa you can enter the country once, with the multiple-entry visa several times.